Drugs and Diseases that can Cause Bone Loss, Falls and/or Fractures

There are several well known risk factors for osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. These include:

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Low body weight
  • Low bone mineral density
  • Past fragility fracture
  • Having a parent who had a hip fracture
  • A past history of fall(s)

Less well known risk factors are which medications and medical conditions can increase the risk of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures either by causing more thinning of bones, by increasing the risk of falls or both. Osteoporosis that results from having another disease or condition or from the treatment of another condition is called secondary osteoporosis.